Happy Birthday to Margaret Anderson!

Margaret AndersonNovember 26th marks the birth of one of the early supporters of modernism, Margaret Anderson. Anderson founded the Little Review in 1914, a publication notable for being a venue for the more experimental and risqué works by writers such as Ezra Pound, Gertrude Stein, and Amy Lowell. Pound also served as editor of the literary journal and the conflicts between him and Anderson were legendary. Though she was arguably disinterested in equal rights for blacks, Anderson and the Little Review published pieces by notable figures of the Harlem Renaissance as well.

Most famous of the journal’s contributors was James Joyce. The obscenity trial that marked its release resulted from Anderson’s decision to include excerpts from Joyce’s Ulysses. In spite of negative reactions from subscribers and the legal imbroglio, Anderson steadfastly supported the form and content of Ulysses. In spite of the fact that she lauded Joyce’s artistry in relating the experiences of Molly Bloom and Stephen Daedalus, Anderson made some edits to the text in order to avoid the worst charges of obscenity and allow the volumes of the Little Review containing episodes from Ulysses to be disseminated through the mail. Though Anderson had hoped to be a martyr for Modernism by going to jail, she was merely subjected to a fine and a criminal record.

Remembered as much for her contributions to modernist literature as for her eccentric tastes in fashion and her daring personal life (she was a far-left leaning lesbian), Margaret Anderson died at the age of 87 in 1973.

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Closed For Thanksgiving 2014

McFarlin Library Special Collections will be closed Thursday, November 27th, and Friday, November 28th, in observance of Thanksgiving. We will reopen at our normal time on Monday, December 1st. Have a safe and happy holiday.fall-birthday-clip-art-1

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New Acquisition: Report from the Society of the United Brethren for Propagating the Gospel Among the Heathen”

moravian coverThe “Report from the Society of the United Brethren for Propagating the Gospel Among the Heathen on three Moravian church missions to Native Americans including a brief section on their work among the Cherokee Indians in Arkansas, said evangelizing work begun as early as 1740, with teachers sent to live among the Cherokee by the early 1800s” is the newest addition to the Department of Special Collections’ materials related to 19th century European missionary work among the Native Americans. This twelve page pamphlet includes geographical descriptions of Canada, as well as living conditions in territories ranging from Leaven worth, Kansas and Beattie Prairie Arkansas.

This document is dated September 1842 and written in German. The Moravian Church is one of the oldest Protestant denominations, dating back to 1457 and Moravian missionaries were famous for their interest in educating the common man and their prolific hymn and sermon writing. The Moravians established missions among the Inuit in Greenland, Delaware, Cherokee, and a number of peoples in Africa and the Caribbean. The report provides a brief glimpse into the issues facing both missionaries and the people they were interesting in converting. For instance, there is a brief record of a visit from “our Indian Brother Nathan” and a measles epidemic the previous summer. Of interest to both the Moravians and researchers curious about their success is the statement “Finally there was an Indian congregation of 35 communicants, 35 converted and baptized adults, 57 baptized children, 22 partly converted…altogether 149 people , one fewer than in the previous year.”
The “Report from the Society of the United Brethren for Propagating the Gospel Among the Heathen…” is but one of the religious texts that provides insight into attempts to convert Native Americans to Christianity. Other, related texts in our collection include: The Moravian Indian mission on White River : diaries and letters, May 5, 1799 to November 12, 1806 / translated from the German of the original manuscript by Harry E. Stocker, Herman T. Frueauff, and Samuel C. Zeller, edited by Lawrence Henry Gipson, The Four Gospels of Our Lord Jesus Christ in Shawnee Indian Language by Thomas W. Alford from about 1929, Indian hymns in the Seneca language, and bibles translated into Cherokee, Delaware, Mohawk, and other Native American languages.

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Signature Society Event: Wine and War 101

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On Thursday, November 13th Adrian Alexander, R.M. and Ida McFarlin Dean of the Library, hosted Wine & War 101, a Signature Society event. The evening was meant to be an entertaining and educational experience. It combined a lecture on how France protected their treasured commodity during the Great War, and a wine tasting conducted by Sommelier Tyler Mirt about wines of France.

Wine and War 101 specifically explored the place of wine in the French war effort during World War I and the impact of the war on one of France’s major industries. Particular attention was paid to the world-famous Champagne region of France because it was directly affected by the fighting for all four years of the conflict and its vineyards devastated as a result. The relationship between the French soldier (poilu) and wine was discussed as well. The attendees had the opportunity to sample a California sparkling white wine, a  Chateauneuf-du-Pape, a Beaujolais, and, as a surprise to our guests, an authentic Trappist Belgian Ale

Established in 2013, McFarlin Signature Society is comprised of alumni and community members who provide a minimum $500 gift to support the most pressing needs of McFarlin Library. Signature Society  support is pooled to expand the library’s electronic journals  collection, upgrade technology, and provide staff support  critical to the daily operation of McFarlin Library. Your gift may be made in one annual payment, in pledge payments throughout the year, or matched by your employer to total $500.

We plan to host two other events this academic year to introduce people to the Library’s various collections. For more information on these events and to help TU students prepare to make their own signature on the world, contact Amy Gerald, Director of Development for McFarlin Library, at 918-631-3733 or amy-gerald@utulsa.edu.

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“War Stories: Materials from the First World War Collection” Opens Friday

“War Stories: Materials from the First World War Collections of the department of Special Collections and University Archives, McFarlin Library, The University of Tulsa” is an exhibit that is part if the TU’s program of events and exhibits commemorating the centennial of World War I. “War Stories” features material from a number of collections that relate the experiences of Black and Native American soldiers, as well as civilians on the home front through diaries and letters, photographs, ephemera, and even the equipment issued to soldiers. The experiences of each of these groups were distinct, but the items included in this exhibit show the universality of their commitment to the cause of doing their bit. Personal letters to and from soldiers illustrate the level of sacrifice required by combatants and their loved ones. Diaries and photographs provide a glimpse into some of the day to day activities of military life as well as the exotic sights witnessed by soldiers, many of who had never been abroad before the war.

“War Stories: Materials from the First World War Collections of the department of Special Collections and University Archives, McFarlin Library, The University of Tulsa” opens Friday, October 31st and will be on view in the Lorton Performing Arts Center through November 14, 2014.

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Irish Poet Paul Muldoon at McFarlin Fellow Event

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The University of Tulsa’s Department of Special Collections and University Archives would like to announce the upcoming McFarlin Fellows event “One Thousand Things Worth Knowing: A Poetry Reading by Paul Muldoon,” on October 23rd, 2014. Paul Muldoon is an Irish poet educated in Armagh and at the Queen’s University of Belfast. He is currently based in the United States and serves and Howard G.B. Clark ’21 Professor at Princeton University. Professor Muldoon is also the President of the Poetry Society (UK), Poetry Editor of The New Yorker, and an honorary Fellow of Hertford College at the University of Oxford.

Professor Muldoon’s main collections of poetry are New Weather (1973), Mules (1977),  (1977), Why Brownlee Left (1980), Quoof  (1983), Meeting the British (1987), Madoc: A Mystery (1990), The Annals of Chile (1994), Hay (1998), Poems 1968-1998 (2001), Moy Sand and Gravel (2002), Horse Latitudes (2006), and Maggot (2010). He has also contributed the librettos for four operas by Daron Hagen: Shining Brow (1992), Vera of Las Vegas (1996), Bandanna (1998), and The Antient Concert (2005). His interests have not only included libretto, but the rock lyric as well, penning lines for the band The Handsome Family as well as the late Warren Zevon whose titular track “My Ride’s Here” belongs to a Muldoon collaboration.

A Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the American Academy of Arts and Letters, Professor Muldoon was given the American Academy of Arts and Letters award in literature in 1996. Other awards include the 1994 T.S. Eliot Prize, the 1997 Irish Times Poetry Prize, the 2003 Pulitzer Prize for Poetry, the 2003 Griffin International Prize for Excellence in Poetry, the 2004 Shakespeare Prize, the 2005 Aspen Prize for Poetry, and the 2006 European Prize for Poetry.

The evening will begin at 6:30 PM with a cocktail reception held at the Ann and Jack Graves Faculty Study at McFarlin Library, followed by dinner in the Pat and Arnold Brown Reading Room. Capping the evening, Professor Muldoon will treat the audience with a reading of his poetry.

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Library Open House During Homecoming

HK in the Great War poster

As part of Homecoming’s events, the University of Tulsa’s McFarlin Library and the Department of Special Collections and University Archives will hold an open house this Friday, October 17th from 4:00-5:00 p.m. We invite all our alumni and visitors to come and see a special display of artifacts related to World War I and the University of Tulsa. The exhibit features WWI memorabilia such as photographs, diaries, and scrapbooks from some of the Harry Kendall College’s students and faculty that served in Europe, as well as some of the gear carried by American GIs while oversea. Among these items, our visitors will find a Springfield M1903 .30 caliber rifle. Please contact Amy Gerald, Director of Development, with any questions at amy-gerald@utulsa.edu.

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New Aquisitions Party

McFarlin Library’s Department of Special Collections is pleased to host the McFarlin Fellows for light hors d’oeuvres and an opportunity to view our most recent acquisitions from 5:30 to 7:00 PM on Thursday, October 2nd. During this invitation only event, scrapbooks from the 101 Ranch, Greenwood, and Lynn Riggs will be among the items on display. Additionally, Fellows will be able to see scripts from The Outsiders as well as an uncorrected proof of the novel. Other recent acquisitions available for viewing during this the event include: materials related to the photographer filmmaker, and Tulsa-native Larry Clark, a new publication of James Joyce’s The Dead, fine printed materials, screenplays, and panoramic photos.

Questions may be directed to Amy Gerald, Director of Development for McFarlin Library, (918) 631-3733.

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Preparing new World War I exhibits.

Sarah Gilcrease dressed in a World War I uniform

With the closing of the exhibit of “1914: The Beginning” based on the centenary of the start of the First World War, the department is currently working on several more displays. In the Satin Rare Book room, we will be opening next week “Henry Kendall College in World War I” which will run through the end of the semester. In the Lorton Performing Arts Center in early November we will be exhibiting, “War Stories: Materials from the First World War Collections of the Department of Special Collections and University Archives, McFarlin Library, The University of Tulsa.”

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This Week is Banned Books Week!!!

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This week we are celebrating Banned Books Week. This event, organized by the Comic Book Legal Defense Fund and numerous writers and publishers, advocates for the protection of the First Amendment rights of the comics art form and its community of retailers, creators, publishers, librarians, and readers.The banning of books is a fascinating socio-cultural phenomenon. Books have been banned because they challenge the status quo by questioning mainstream morality, taking a stance on a controversial issue, or simply by exposing the flaws of a dominating ideology. In all probability, the most criticized form of literature is the comic book. The University of Tulsa’s Department of Special Collections and University Archives holds over seven thousand comics in print, and hundreds more in microfiche. The latter include many titles from the 30s and 40s that would become controversial in 1954 with the publication of German-American psychiatrist Fredric Wertham’s Seduction of the Innocent.

Wertham argued that comic books were a negative form of popular literature and a serious cause of juvenile delinquency. Some of his claims included that Batman and Robin incited homosexuality, that Wonder Woman would lead to lesbianism and women trying to dominate men, and that Superman was un-American and fascist. The book was taken seriously at the time, and was a minor bestseller that created a sort of panic in leading to a censorship campaign that almost suffocated the comic book industry. At the same time, a U.S. Congressional inquiry was launched into the comic book industry. Subsequent to the publication of Seduction of the Innocent, the Comics Code Authority was voluntarily established by publishers to self-censor their work, leading to the disappearance of hundreds of titles.
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Other comics in our collection have been banned for other reasons. Neil Gaiman’s The Sandman was deemed controversial in the mid-1980s, accused of showing “anti-family themes” and “offensive language,” thus being removed from a number of libraries. Alan Moore’s Batman: The Killing Joke has also been banned in a number of libraries because it “advocates rape and violence.” Also by Alan Moore, The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen: Black Dossier has been challenged as being “pornographic.” Notably, all these texts were bestsellers and were subsequently put back in circulation.

The three main collections held by our department are the E. Nelson Bridwell Collection (1989.001), the Comic Books in Microfiche Collection (1991.006), and the recently acquired Marc Carlson Popular Culture Materials Collection (2013.007), which is currently being processed and cataloged. These three collections cover the history of comic books, from their advent in the late thirties, to their status today as staples of popular culture. We invite our students, faculty and general community to visit us and help us celebrate Banned Books Week.

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